thalamus

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See also: Thalamus

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From New Latin, from Latin thalamus, from Ancient Greek θάλαμος (thálamos, an inner chamber, a bedroom, a bed).

Noun[edit]

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thalamus (plural thalami or thalamuses)

  1. (neuroanatomy) Either of two large, ovoid structures of grey matter within the forebrain that relay sensory impulses to the cerebral cortex.
  2. (botany) The receptacle of a flower; a torus.
  3. A thallus.
  4. An inner room or nuptial chamber.

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Czech[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

thalamus m

  1. thalamus

French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From New Latin, from Latin thalamus, from Ancient Greek θάλαμος (thálamos).

Noun[edit]

thalamus m (plural thalamus)

  1. (anatomy) thalamus

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Ancient Greek θάλαμος (thálamos, inner room), especially from Homer.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

thalamus m (genitive thalamī); second declension

  1. inner room, apartment of a house
  2. bedroom, chamber
  3. marriage bed
    • 8 CE, Ovid, Fasti 3.689-690:
      crēdit amāns thalamōsque parat, dēdūcitur illūc Ānnā tegēns voltus, ut nova nūpta, suōs.
      The lover believes her, and prepares a bedchamber. Anna, covering her face as a new bride, is escorted to it. (trans. Anne and Peter Wiseman, 2011)
  4. (by extension, figuratively) marriage

Declension[edit]

Second-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative thalamus thalamī
Genitive thalamī thalamōrum
Dative thalamō thalamīs
Accusative thalamum thalamōs
Ablative thalamō thalamīs
Vocative thalame thalamī

Descendants[edit]

  • Catalan: tàlem
  • English: thalamus
  • French: thalamus
  • Galician: tambo (obsolete)
  • Italian: talamo
  • Spanish: tálamo

References[edit]

  • thalamus in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • thalamus in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • thalamus in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • thalamus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • thalamus in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • thalamus in William Smith, editor (1848) A Dictionary of Greek Biography and Mythology, London: John Murray