umlungu

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Zulu umlungu.

Noun[edit]

umlungu (plural umlungus or abelungu)

  1. (South Africa, often derogatory) white person
    • 1992, Colin Bender, Makapan odyssey (page 166)
      No, the average Bantu always had a dilemma; live with the wild tribes and never know when some witchdoctor's tagati would strike him down; or live with the umlungus and respect his authority (and his sjambok).

Synonyms[edit]


Swazi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Bantu *mʊ̀dʊ̀ngʊ̀, a variant of Proto-Bantu *mʊ̀jʊ́ngʊ̀.

Noun[edit]

úḿlungu class 1 (plural bélungu class 2)

  1. white person

Inflection[edit]

This entry needs an inflection-table template.


Xhosa[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Bantu *mʊ̀dʊ̀ngʊ̀, a variant of Proto-Bantu *mʊ̀jʊ́ngʊ̀.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [úḿ̩luːᵑɡṳ]

Noun[edit]

úḿlungu class 1 (plural ábélungu class 2)

  1. white person

Inflection[edit]

This entry needs an inflection-table template.


Zulu[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Bantu *mʊ̀dʊ̀ngʊ̀, a variant of Proto-Bantu *mʊ̀jʊ́ngʊ̀.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

uḿlungu class 1 (plural abélungu class 2)

  1. white person

Inflection[edit]

Class 1/2
Singular Plural
Full form umlungu abelungu
Locative kumlungu kubelungu
Singular Plural
Full form umlungu abelungu
Simple form mlungu belungu
Locative kumlungu kubelungu
Copulative ngumlungu ngabelungu
Possessive forms
Singular Plural
Modifier Substantive Modifier Substantive
Class 1 womlungu owomlungu wabelungu owabelungu
Class 2 bomlungu abomlungu babelungu ababelungu
Class 3 womlungu owomlungu wabelungu owabelungu
Class 4 yomlungu eyomlungu yabelungu eyabelungu
Class 5 lomlungu elomlungu labelungu elabelungu
Class 6 omlungu awomlungu abelungu awabelungu
Class 7 somlungu esomlungu sabelungu esabelungu
Class 8 zomlungu ezomlungu zabelungu ezabelungu
Class 9 yomlungu eyomlungu yabelungu eyabelungu
Class 10 zomlungu ezomlungu zabelungu ezabelungu
Class 11 lomlungu olomlungu lwabelungu olwabelungu
Class 14 bomlungu obomlungu babelungu obabelungu
Class 15 komlungu okomlungu kwabelungu okwabelungu
Class 17 komlungu okomlungu kwabelungu okwabelungu

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]