vāks

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
See also: vaks

Latvian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the same stem as the verb vākt (to collect, to gather): Proto-Baltic *vāk-, from Proto-Indo-European *wāk-, *wēk- (to bend, to turn, to weave), from a stem *wā- (to move (away), to move so as to bend, turn). The original meaning of the noun was thus “(something) woven,” from which “(woven) basket,” then “(basket) lid,” and finally “lid, cover.” Cognates include Lithuanian vókas (eyelid; envelope; large woven basket), Old Church Slavonic вѣко (věko), Russian веко (véko, eyelid), dialectal also “eyelashes; basket lid; basket with lid,” Belarusian века (véka, cover, lid), Ukrainian віко (víko, eyelid; lid, cover), Czech víko, Polish wieko.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

(file)

Noun[edit]

vāks m (1st declension)

  1. lid, movable cover (to protect something)
    lādes, šķirsta, čemodāna vāksbox, chest, suitcade lid
    atvāžams vāksmovable lid
    muca ar vākubarrel with a lid
    motora vāksmotor cover (= hood, bonnet)
    bagāžnieka vākstrunk lid
    pulksteņa vāksclock lid
    debesu, debess vāksthe celestial vault (= sky)
    uzlikt kannai vākuto put a lid on the can, pot
    noņemt, atvērt vākuto remove, to open the lid
    katlam noņem vākuremove the lid from the pot
    būtu nepieciešams akai iztaisīt jaunu vākuit would be necessary to make a new lid for the well
  2. book cover
    burtnīcu zilie vākithe notebook's blue covers
    attēls uz ābeces vākaa picture from the ABC book cover
    izlasīt no vāka līdz vākamto read (a book) from cover to cover
  3. (only plural) folder, file (for documents, papers, etc.)
    aktu, dokumentu vākipaper, document folder
    iesiet, ielikt dokumentus vākosto put documents in(to) folders

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

  • (of "folder, file"): mape

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “vāks”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7