varenyky

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English[edit]

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Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ukrainian варе́ники pl ‎(varényky), singular варе́ник ‎(varényk), and related terms in other languages, e.g. Russian варе́ники ‎(varéniki) and Plautdietsch Wareniki. The Ukrainian term comes from ва́рений ‎(várenyj, boiled), from вари́ти ‎(varýty, to boil, to cook), from Old East Slavic варити ‎(variti), from Proto-Slavic *variti ‎(to cook) + masculine ending -ик ‎(-yk). Compare вар ‎(var, boiling liquid; cooking, boiling), from Proto-Slavic *varъ, from Proto-Indo-European *wer- ‎(to burn, blacken).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /vəˈrɛniːkiː/

Noun[edit]

varenyky

varenyky pl ‎(plural only)

  1. Boiled dumplings stuffed with potato, cheese, or other filling; a serving of these; plural of varenyk.

Usage notes[edit]

The food has come to English through various cultures and languages, and may be spelled according to its cultural context or linguistic source: varenyky in a Ukrainian context, vareniki in a Russian or Jewish context, or wareniki or wareneki in a Mennonite context.

The name of the dish is often treated as plural only, but the singular form varenyk or varenik is in use. Sometimes back-formed plurals like varenikes, varenikis, or varenykys also appear occasionally.

Translations[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  • “varenyky” in the Canadian Oxford Dictionary, Second Edition, Oxford University Press, 2004.
  • Melʹnyčuk O. S., editor (1982–2012), “варити”, in Etymolohičnyj slovnyk ukrajinsʹkoji movy [Etymological Dictionary of the Ukrainian Language] (in Ukrainian), Kiev: Naukova Dumka
  • Rudnycʼkyj, Jaroslav B. (1962–1972), “вар”, in An Etymological Dictionary of the Ukrainian Language (in Ukrainian), volume I, Winnipeg: Ukrainian Free Academy of Sciences, page 313