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Old English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]


Probably from Old Norse víkingr (a freebooter, rover, pirate), itself is from Old Norse vík (inlet, cove, fjord) + -ingr (one belonging to”, “one who frequents). Compare Old Frisian wīking, wītsing, wīzing, wīsing (pirate, viking). Thus, “one from or who frequents the sea’s inlets”.

The Old English or Anglo-Frisian form, existing therein since at least the eighth century, could also have been derived from or influenced by wīċ (camp), on account of the temporary encampments which were often a prominent feature of the Vikings’ raids.


  • IPA(key): /ˈwiː.kinɡ/, [ˈwiː.kiŋɡ], /ˈwiː.t͡ʃinɡ/, [ˈwiː.t͡ʃiŋɡ]


wīcing m (nominative plural wīcingas)
wīċing m (nominative plural wīċingas)

  1. Viking