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A 16th century xylograph (print) depicting the making of a xylograph (engraving).


Back-formation from xylography, corresponding to xylo- (wood) +‎ -graph.


  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈzaɪ.ləʊ.ɡɹɑːf/, /ˈzaɪ.lə.ɡɹɑːf/
  • (US) IPA(key): /ˈzaɪ.lə.ɡɹæf/, /ˈzaɪ.loʊ-/, /-ɡɹɑf/
  • (file)


xylograph (plural xylographs)

  1. An engraving in wood or woodcut, especially one used in printing predating the Western tradition (14th c.).
    Synonym: woodcut
    • 2009, Kurtis R. Schaeffer, The Culture of the Book in Tibet, Columbia University Press, →ISBN:
      First he collected a number of witnesses, including many old prints of the Guhyasamāja Tantra itself and old xylograph prints of the Pradipodyotana from the monasteries of Drepung, Tashilhunpo, Riwo Dangchen, and Nartang.
  2. A print taken from such an engraving.
    • 2011, Udo J. Hebel, Christoph Wagner, Pictorial Cultures and Political Iconographies: Approaches, Perspectives, Case Studies from Europe and America, Walter de Gruyter, →ISBN, page 143:
      While Walter Gropius had had a reproduction of a xylograph from Lyonel Feininger reproduced on the Bauhaus movement's founding manifesto in 1919 – a symbolic image of a gothic cathedral that was comparatively traditional in both form []
    • 2014, Sang-jin Park, Under the Microscope: The Secrets of the Tripitaka Koreana Woodblocks, Cambridge Scholars Publishing, →ISBN, page 1:
      The restoration process brought to light a sarira box containing an artifact that rewrote that history: the oldest xylograph in the world, reproduced in ink from woodblocks with characters carved in relief, was found inside the box from the second []



xylograph (third-person singular simple present xylographs, present participle xylographing, simple past and past participle xylographed)

  1. (transitive) To make a print from an engraving in wood.

Related terms[edit]