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From Hindi ज़मींदार (zamīndār), from Persian زمین‌دار (zamin-dâr).



zamindar (plural zamindars)

  1. (now historical) An official tax-collector in British India.
  2. (now historical) An Indian landowner paying tax directly to the British government.
    • 2004, Khushwant Singh, Burial at Sea, Penguin 2014, p. 6:
      Indian princes, zamindars and industrialists engaged him as their counsel and paid him whatever he asked for as fees.
    • 2008, Amitav Ghosh, Sea of Poppies, Penguin 2015, p. 39:
      Thus it happened that the approach of the Ibis was witnessed by Raja Neel Rattan Halder, the zemindar of Raskhali, who was on board the palatial barge with his eight-year-old son and a sizeable retune of attendants.