κάμπτω

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

While most argue for a Proto-Indo-European origin, citing possible cognates such as Latin campus and Lithuanian kampas, kumpas, Beekes argues for a Pre-Greek origin.

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Verb[edit]

κάμπτω (kámptō)

  1. I bend, curve
    • 800 BCE – 600 BCE, Homer, Iliad 4.486
      ὄφρα ἴτυν κάμψῃ περικαλλέϊ δίφρῳ
      in order that he might bend himself a felloe for a beauteous chariot
    1. (figuratively)
      • 522 BCE – 443 BCE, Pindar, Pythian Ode 2.51
        θεός, ὃ [...] καὶ ὑψιφρόνων τιν᾽ ἔκαμψε βροτῶν
        the gods, who [...] bend down many a man who is overly ambitious
      • 366 BCE – 348 BCE, Plato, Theaetetus 173.b
        τρεπόμενοι πολλὰ κάμπτονται καὶ συγκλῶνται
        so that they become greatly bent and stunted
  2. (transitive, intransitive) I turn
    • 497 BCE – 405 BCE, Sophocles, Electra 744
      ἔπειτα λύων ἡνίαν ἀριστερὰν κάμπτοντος ἵππου
      But then he slackened his left rein while the horse was turning
    1. (figuratively)
  3. (nautical) I double (sail around)
    • 460 BCE – 420 BCE, Herodotus, Histories 4.42.4
      τρίτῳ ἔτεϊ κάμψαντες Ἡρακλέας στήλας ἀπίκοντο ἐς Αἴγυπτον
      it was in the third [year] that they doubled the pillars of Heracles and came to Egypt

Inflection[edit]


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