խրամ

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Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Armenian խրամ (xram).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

խրամ (xram)

  1. (military, historical) moat
  2. (military) trench, entrenchment
  3. breach, rupture, rent opened on a wall

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]


Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Laz ღორმა (ḡorma, hole, aperture), which underwent the typical changes: Kartvelian -ɣ- is substituted by Old Armenian -x-. Compare Georgian ღრმა (ḡrma, deep).

Noun[edit]

խրամ (xram

  1. (military) moat, trench, ditch; mine or sap
    խրամ հատանելxram hatanel ― to cut a trench
  2. (military) breach, rupture, rent on a wall, fortification
    խրամ հատանելxram hatanel ― to make a gap; to open a breach
  3. (figuratively) division, separation
    յորդիս իմ եղեւ խրամyordis im ełew xram ― there was a gap among my sons

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • խրամ in Mathias Bedrossian (1879), New Dictionary Armenian–English, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • խրամ in Hračʿeay Ačaṙean (1971–79), Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words], in 4 vols (second edition), Yerevan: Yerevan State University
  • խրամ in Gabriēl Awetikʿean, Xačʿatur Siwrmēlean, Mkrtičʿ Awgerean (1836–37), Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language], in 2 vols, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Gevorg Djahukian (2003), Notes on Some Lexical Correspondences between Armenian and the Kartvelian Languages. In: Iran and the Caucasus, 7.1-2, pp. 191–194