ܣܦܪܐ

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Classical Syriac[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Compare Arabic سِفْر (sifr) and Hebrew סֵפֶר (sḗᵽer).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [sɛfrɑ(ʔ)] (singular)
  • IPA(key): [sɛfre(ʔ)] (plural)

Noun[edit]

ܣܦܪܐ m (plural ܣܦܪܐ)

  1. writings
  2. document, scroll
  3. book
  4. literature
  5. letters, characters
  6. speech, language
Inflection[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From the root ܣ-ܦ-ܪ (IPA(key): /s-p-r/) related to narrating, derived from above. Compare Arabic سَافِر (sāfir) and Hebrew סוֹפֵר (sôᵽēr).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [sɑfrɑ(ʔ)] (singular)
  • IPA(key): [sɑfre(ʔ)] (plural)

Noun[edit]

ܣܦܪܐ m (plural ܣܦܪܐ ; singular feminine counterpart ܣܦܪܬܐ)

  1. scribe, writer
  2. clerk
  3. lawyer, notary
  4. master, schoolmaster, teacher, doctor
  5. one learned in sacred scriptures
Inflection[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

From the root ܣ-ܦ-ܪ (IPA(key): /s-p-r/) related to shearing. Compare Hebrew סַפָּר (sappār).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [sappɑrɑ(ʔ)] (singular)
  • IPA(key): [sappɑre(ʔ)] (plural)

Noun[edit]

ܣܦܪܐ m (plural ܣܦܪܐ ; singular feminine counterpart ܣܦܪܬܐ)

  1. shearer, barber
Inflection[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

Cognate with ܣܦܬܐ (seᵽ(ə)ṯā(ʾ), lip; shore). Compare Hebrew סְפָר (səᵽār).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [s(ə)fɑrɑ(ʔ)] (singular)
  • IPA(key): [s(ə)fɑre(ʔ)] (plural)

Noun[edit]

ܣܦܪܐ m (plural ܣܦܪܐ)

  1. shore, coast
  2. riverbank
  3. border
  4. edge, margin
  5. corner
Inflection[edit]

References[edit]

  • "spr" in the Comprehensive Aramaic Lexicon.
  • Louis Costaz, Syriac-English Dictionary, 1963, pp. 234b-235a
  • Jessie Payne Smith, A Compendious Syriac Dictionary Founded Upon the Thesaurus Syriacus of Robert Payne Smith, 1903, p. 387a-b
  • Michael Sokoloff, A Syriac Lexicon: A Translation from the Latin, Correction, Expansion, and Update of C. Brockelmann's Lexicon Syriacum, 2009, p. 1035a-b