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Classical Syriac[edit]


From Proto-Semitic *ʿayn-.


  • IPA(key): [ʕajnɑ(ʔ)] (singular)
  • IPA(key): [ʕajne(ʔ)], [ʕajnɑθɑ(ʔ)] (plural)


ܥܝܢܐ f (plural ܥܝܢܬܐ ,ܥܝܢܐ)

  1. (anatomy) eye
  2. fountain, spring, source
  3. (botany) bulb, bud
  4. socket
  5. guide
  6. intelligence, mind's eye
  7. view, opinion
  8. appearance, aspect
  9. color/colour, sparkle, luster, brightness (e.g. of wine or gems)
  10. capital city, metropolis
  11. surface
  12. (architecture) opening, span, or arch of a bridge



  • "(yn" in the Comprehensive Aramaic Lexicon.
  • Louis Costaz, Syriac-English Dictionary, 1963, p. 251a-b
  • Jessie Payne Smith, A Compendious Syriac Dictionary Founded Upon the Thesaurus Syriacus of Robert Payne Smith, 1903, p. 411b
  • Michael Sokoloff, A Syriac Lexicon: A Translation from the Latin, Correction, Expansion, and Update of C. Brockelmann's Lexicon Syriacum, 2009, p. 1097a-b