शिव

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Sanskrit[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

According to the Uṇādi-sūtra i, 153, from verbal root √śī (in whom all things lie); perhaps connected with √śvi; compare शवस् (śavas), शिश्वि (śiśvi).

Adjective[edit]

शिव (śivá)

  1. auspicious, propitious, gracious, favourable, benign, kind, benevolent, friendly, dear
    शिवम् (śivám) — kindly, tenderly
  2. happy, fortunate

Declension[edit]

Noun[edit]

शिव (śivám

  1. happiness, welfare
  2. liberation, final emancipation
  3. (Can we clean up(+) this sense?) = शिवलिङ्ग (śiva-liṅga)
  4. any god
  5. a euphemistic name of a jackal (generally शिवा (śivā))
  6. sacred writings
  7. name of the sixth month
  8. a post for cows (to which they are tied or for them to rub against)
  9. bdellium
  10. the fragrant bark of Limonia acidissima ( <= Feronia elephantum)
  11. (Can we clean up(+) this sense?) Marsilia dentata [sic], probably a species of Marsilea, aquatic ferns resembling the leaves of clover.
  12. a kind of thorn-apple or = पुण्डरीक (puṇḍarīka) (the tree)
  13. quicksilver (compare शिवबीज (śiva-bīja))
  14. a particular auspicious constellation
  15. a demon who inflicts diseases
  16. (Can we clean up(+) this sense?) = शुक्र (śukra), काल (kāla), वसु (vasu)
  17. the swift antelope
  18. rum, spirit distilled from molasses
  19. buttermilk
  20. ruby
  21. peg
  22. time

Declension[edit]

Noun[edit]

शिव (śiván

  1. welfare, prosperity, bliss
    + आय (āya), एन (éna) or एभिस् (ébhis) — auspiciously, fortunately, happily, luckily
    शिवाय गम्यताम् (śivāya gamyatām) — a prosperous journey to you!
  2. final emancipation
  3. water
  4. rock-salt
  5. sea salt
  6. a kind of borax
  7. iron
  8. myrobalan
  9. Tabernaemontana divaricata ( <= Tabernaemontana coronaria).
  10. sandal

Declension[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

शिव (śivam (śivá)

  1. Shiva, the auspicious one
  2. a kind of second Shiva, a person who has attained a particular stage of perfection or emancipation
  3. name of a son of मेधातिथि (medhā-tithi)
  4. name of a son of इध्मजिह्व (idhma-jihva)
  5. name of a prince and various authors
  6. name of a fraudulent person
  7. (in the dual) the god Shiva and his wife
  8. name of a class of gods in the third manvantara
  9. name of a class of Brahmins who have attained a particular degree of perfection like that of Shiva

Proper noun[edit]

शिव (śivan (śivá)

  1. name of a Purana (= शिवपुराण (śiva-purāṇa) or शैव (śaiva)
  2. of the house in which the Pāṇḍavas were to be burned
  3. name of a वर्ष (varṣa) in प्लक्षद्वीप (plakṣa-dvīpa) and in जम्बुद्वीप (jambu-dvīpa)