श्याम

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Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *ḱeh₁mós (black, dark). Cognate with [script?] Avestan [script?] (sāma-, black) and Lithuanian šė̃mas (blue-grey). From the same Proto-Indo-European root also श्याव (śyāvá, dark-brown, brown, dark-coloured, dark) (from Proto-Indo-European *ḱeh₁wós (black, dark)).

Adjective[edit]

श्याम (śyāmá)

  1. black, dark-coloured, dark blue or brown or grey or green, sable, having a dark or swarthy complexion (considered a mark of beauty) (AV. etc.)

Declension[edit]

Noun[edit]

श्याम (śyāmám

  1. black or blue or green (the colour) (L.)
  2. cloud (L.)
  3. the Kokila or Indian cuckoo (L.)
  4. black bull (TS.)
  5. name of various plants (fragrant grass; thorn-apple; Artemisia indica; Careya arborea etc.) (L.)
  6. (music) a particular राग (rāga) (Saṃgīt.)
  7. name of a son of शूर (śūra) and brother of वसुदेव (vasudeva) (Hariv., VP.)
  8. name of a modern prince (Cat.)
  9. name of a mountain (MBh.)
  10. name of a sacred fig-tree at प्रयाग (prayāga) or Allahabad (R., Ragh., Uttarar.)
  11. (in the plural) name of a Vedic school (a subdivision of the मैत्रायणीय (maitrāyaṇīya))

Declension[edit]

Noun[edit]

श्याम (śyāmán

  1. black pepper (L.)
  2. sea-salt (L.)

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • Sir Monier Monier-Williams, A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1898, page 1094