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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 32 +8, 11 strokes, cangjie input 水心土 (EPG), composition)

  1. (archaic variant of ) mud, mire
  2. earth, clay
  3. plaster

References[edit]


Chinese[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (埿), Pronunciation 1/3

Initial: 泥 (8)
Final: 齊
Division: IV

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 奴低切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/nei/ /niei/ /nei/ /nei/ /nɛj/ /niei/ /nɛi/
Character (埿), Pronunciation 2/3

Initial: 泥 (8)
Final: 齊
Division: IV

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 奴計切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/neiH/ /nieiH/ /neiH/ /neiH/ /nɛjH/ /nieiH/ /nɛiH/
Character (埿), Pronunciation 3/3

Initial: 並 (3)
Final: 銜
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 蒲鑑切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/bɣamH/ /bʱamH/ /bamH/ /bɯamH/ /baɨmH/ /bamH/ /bamH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
264 1 /*braːms/ 湴同此
9423 1 /*niːl/
9424 1 /*niːls/

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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Readings[edit]