完璧

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Chinese[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Etymology[edit]

From  ("complete, intact") +  ("a type of jade"). Abbreviated from the idiom of 完璧歸趙/完璧归赵 ("returning the jade intact to the State of Zhao").

Pronunciation[edit]


Noun[edit]

完璧

  1. intact jade, perfect jade
  2. a perfect person or object; perfection
  3. (figuratively) a virgin

Adjective[edit]

完璧

  1. (to return something) intact, in good condition; complete
  2. flawless, perfect

Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
かん
Grade: 4
へき > ぺき
Grade: S
on'yomi

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Chinese 完璧 (hwan pjiek). Compare modern Chinese 完璧 (wánbì).

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • 完壁 (commonly considered a typo)

Adjective[edit]

完璧 (-na inflection, hiragana かんぺき, romaji kanpeki, historical hiragana くわんぺき)

  1. perfect, infallible, complete

Usage notes[edit]

This word is commonly misspelled as 完壁. The second character of this misspelling, , means "wall" and is also read as heki or peki in compounds. However, the proper spelling of kanpeki ("perfect") uses for the second character, meaning "jewel". Note the difference in the bottom element of the two characters: the correct spelling has , while the common typo has instead.

Inflection[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Noun[edit]

完璧 (hiragana かんぺき, romaji kanpeki, historical hiragana くわんぺき)

  1. perfection, infallibility, completeness

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this word

Noun[edit]

完璧 (wanbyeok) (hangeul 완벽)

  1. Hanja form? of 완벽, “perfection, flawlessness”.