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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 81 +13, 17 strokes, cangjie input 弓口心心戈 (NRPPI), four-corner 27213, composition ⿱⿳)

  1. cunning
  2. greedy
  3. crafty

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 591, character 18
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 16767
  • Dae Jaweon: page 983, character 22
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 361, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+6BDA

Chinese[edit]

cunning; artful
simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (毚), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: 崇 (20)
Final: 咸
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 士咸切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʒɣɛm/ /ɖ͡ʐʱăm/ /d͡ʒɐm/ /ɖ͡ʐɯæm/ /ɖ͡ʐəɨm/ /d͡ʒɐm/ /d͡ʒɐm/
Character (毚), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: 崇 (20)
Final: 銜
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 鋤銜切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʒɣam/ /ɖ͡ʐʱam/ /d͡ʒam/ /ɖ͡ʐɯam/ /ɖ͡ʐaɨm/ /d͡ʒam/ /d͡ʒam/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
1223 1 /*zrɯːm/
1237 1 /*zraːm/

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(cham) (hangeul , revised cham, McCune-Reischauer ch'am, Yale cham)

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