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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  + phonetic 

Han character[edit]

(radical 167 +6, 14 strokes, cangjie input 竹人金一弓 (HOCMN), four-corner 21109, composition)

  1. bit
  2. hold in mouth, bite
  3. gag

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1305, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 40390
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1807, character 22
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 840, character 15
  • Unihan data for U+929C

Chinese[edit]

simpl.
trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (銜), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 匣 (33)
Final: 銜
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 戸監切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɦɣam/ /ɣam/ /ɣam/ /ɦɯam/ /ɦaɨm/ /ɣam/ /ɣam/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
xián ‹ haem › /*[g]ˤr[a]m/ a bit

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
13534 1 /*ɡraːm/ 當爲從金行聲

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(ham) (hangeul , revised ham, McCune-Reischauer ham, Yale ham)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(hàm)

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