海豚

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Chinese[edit]

ocean; sea suckling pig
simp. and trad.
(海豚)

Etymology[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page as described here.

Pronunciation[edit]


Noun[edit]

海豚

  1. dolphin

Japanese[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
海豚 (iruka): a dolphin or porpoise.
Kanji in this term
Grade: 2 Grade: S
Irregular

Etymology[edit]

Unclear. One of the more likely theories is that this was originally a compound of Old Japanese elements (iwo, fish) +‎ (uka, food, something used as food).

/iwo uka//iru uka//iruka/

Another possibility is that it was a borrowing from Ainu. Compare Sakhalin Ainu リク (riku), イリク (iriku), or Kuril Ainu リカ (rika, whale).[1]

Given the unlikely sound shift required for the Old Japanese derivation, an origin from Ainu seems more likely.

The 海豚 spelling, which literally means “sea pig”, is borrowed from Chinese

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

海豚 (hiragana いるか, katakana イルカ, romaji iruka)

  1. a dolphin or porpoise (the mammal)

Usage notes[edit]

As with many terms that name organisms, this term is often spelled in katakana in biological contexts, as イルカ.

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2005, Martine Robbeets (2005:190) Is Japanese Related to Korean, Tungusic, Mongolic and Turkic?
  2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  3. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3
  • 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan