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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 114 +4, 9 strokes, cangjie input 竹中月戈 (HLBI), four-corner 20427)

  1. Yu the Great, legendary founder of the Xia Dynasty

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 848, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 24885
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1269, character 23
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 39, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+79B9

Chinese[edit]

name of an emperor
simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]

Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (禹), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 云 (35)
Final: 虞
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 王矩切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɦɨoX/ /i̯uX/ /ɣioX/ /ɦioX/ /ɦuə̆X/ /ɣĭuX/ /ɣioX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ hjuX › /*[ɢ]ʷ(r)aʔ/ insect; proper name

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
15960 0 /*ɢʷaʔ/

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. Name of a Xia Dynasty emperor in ancient China: Emperor Yŭ, Yŭ the Great, or Dà Yŭ.

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Chinese.

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

(hiragana , romaji U)

  1. Yu the Great, legendary founder of the Xia Dynasty in ancient China

External links[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(u) (hangeul , revised u, McCune-Reischauer u, Yale wu)

  1. (성씨) a surname
  2. (大禹) Yu the Great
  3. (임금) king
  4. (벌레) worm
  5. (곡척) steel square

Usage notes[edit]

ko:w: 우 (하나라) #우의 치수사업
  • 禹라는 문자는 본래 도마뱀이나 악어, 용의 모습을 그린 상형문자로, 우의 기원은 황하에 살던 물의 신이라고 보기도 한다.[출처 필요]
우 임금 禹(우)
김경일, 한자교실, 바다출판사, 1999.
  • 더듬이와 꼬리가 긴 곤충 종류의 상형문. 아마도 토템 대상인 듯하다. 역사가 긴 부족.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

()

  • 夏禹 Hạ Vũ
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

References[edit]

  • Thiều Chửu : Hán Việt Tự Điển Hà Nội 1942
  • Trần Văn Chánh: Từ Điển Hán Việt NXB Trẻ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999