表す

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
Grade: 3

Etymology 1[edit]

Derived as the verb form of adjective (arawa, naked, bare; open, revealed), as a compound of (arawa) +‎ (-su, causativizing suffix; root of modern suru, “to do; to make something do”), with an original meaning of “to make something open and public, to make something apparent”.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Verb[edit]

表す (transitive, godan conjugation, hiragana あらわす, romaji arawasu, historical hiragana あらはす)

  1. to show, to make apparent
  2. to express, to put into words
  3. to signify, to represent, to symbolize, to stand for
Conjugation[edit]
Usage notes[edit]

This verb can be spelled many different ways. The spellings with the kana might be preferred for avoiding ambiguous readings. In general, which kanji to use depends on which sense one wishes to emphasize:[3]

See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Derived from Sinitic (hyō, show; surface), as a compound of (hyō) +‎ (-su, causativizing / transitivizing suffix; root of modern suru, “to do; to make something do”).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

表す (transitive, godan conjugation, hiragana ひょうす, romaji hyōsu, historical hiragana へうす)

  1. to express, to say in words, to put into words
Conjugation[edit]
Usage notes[edit]

This is an archaic form. The modern form is 表する (ひょうする, ​hyōsuru).

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3
  3. ^ 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, ISBN 4-09-501211-0