# User:Dan Polansky/Number

Terms whose meanings contain the concept of whole positive number, also called natural number:

One, two, several, many:

Number | Greek-based prefix |
C | D | E |
---|---|---|---|---|

one | mono- | monad | monadic | monogon |

two | di- | dyad | dyadic | digon |

three | tri- | triad | triadic | trigon |

four | tetra- | tetrad | tetradic | tetragon |

five | penta- | pentad | pentadic | pentagon |

six | hexa- | hexad | hexadic | hexagon |

seven | hepta- | heptad | heptadic | heptagon |

eight | octa- | octad | octagon | |

nine | nona- | nonad | nonagon | |

ten | deca- | decad | decagon | |

eleven | undeca- | |||

twelve | dodeca- | dodecagon | ||

fifteen | quindeca- | quindecagon |

Number | Latin-based prefix |
C | D | E |
---|---|---|---|---|

one | - | solo | ||

two | - | duo | double | doublet |

three | - | trio | triple | triplet |

four | - | quartet | quadruple | quadruplet |

five | quin- | quintet | quintuple | quintuplet |

six | sex- | sextet | sextuple | sextuplet |

seven | - | septet | septuple | septuplet |

eight | - | octet | octuple | octuplet |

nine | - | nonet | ||

ten | - | |||

eleven | - | |||

twelve | - |

Combined in names of:

- polygon
- polyhedron

First, second, third, etc.:

- first
- second
- third
- fourth
- fifth
- sixth
- seventh
- eighth

Onefold, twofold, threefold, etc.:

Unary, binary, ternary, etc; also used for arity of predicates and functions:

Arity of a predicate (also in the table above):

- niladic (0)
- monadic (1)
- dyadic (2)
- triadic (3)
- tetradic (4)
- pentadic (5)
- hexadic (6)
- heptadic (7)
- octadic (8)
- nonadic (9)
- decadic (10)
- polyadic (many)

Primary, secondary, etc:[verify]

- primary (1)
- secondary (2)
- tertiary (3)
- quaternary (4)
- quinary (5)
- senary (6)
- septenary (7)
- octonary (8)
- nonary (9)
- denary (10)
- duodenary (12)
- vigenary (20)

Numeral system:

- unary (1)
- binary (2)
- quaternary (4)
- quinary (5)
- senary (6)
- septenary (7)
- octal (8)
- nonary (9)
- decimal (10)
- duodecimal (12)
- tetradecima (14)
- pentadecimal (15)
- hexadecimal (16)
- octadecimal (18)
- vigesimal (20)
- hexavigesimal (26)
- sexadecimal (60)

Dichotomy, trichotomy:

Monarchy, diarchy:

- monarchy
- diarchy
- triarchy[verify]
- tetrarchy (4)
- dodecarchy (12)
- oligarchy (several)
- polyarchy (many)

Triumvirate, quadrumvirate:

Vicenarian, tricenarian, etc:

- vicenarian (20)
- tricenarian (30)
- quadragenarian
- quinquagenarian
- sexagenarian
- septuagenarian
- octogenarian
- nonagenarian
- centenarian

Dilogy, trilogy (series of books or films):

- dilogy (2)
- trilogy (3)
- tetralogy (4)
- pentalogy (5)
- hexalogy (6)
- heptalogy (7)
- octology (8)
- ennealogy (9)
- decalogy (10)
- polylogy (2+)

-gram:

Athletic compound activity:

- triathlon (3)
- pentathlon (5)
- decathlon (10)

Athlete:

- triathlete (3)
- pentathlete (5)
- decathlete (10)

Pentameter, hexameter, etc. (poetry):

- bimeter (2)
- trimeter (3)
- tetrameter (4)
- pentameter (5)
- hexameter (6)

Pentatonic, hexatonic (music):

- pentatonic (5)
- hexatonic (6)
- heptatonic (7)
- octatonic (8)

Pentomino, hexomino (see polyomino):

- tetromino (4)
- pentomino (5)
- hexomino (6)
- dodecomino (12)

Number of atoms:

- tetratomic (4)
- pentatomic (5)
- hexatomic (6)

-chord:

- tetrachord (4)
- hexachord (6)

-pod, number of legs or feet:

Monologue, dialogue:

- monologue (1)
- dialogue, duologue (2)
- trialogue (3)
- tetralogue (4)
- pentalogue (5)

Monism, dualist

Monopoly, etc.

Biped, quadruped

Quadrumana

- Bimana (2)
- Quadrumana (4)

Wheeled

- one-wheeled
- two-wheeled
- three-wheeled
- four-wheeled
- five-wheeled
- six-wheeled
- seven-wheeled
- eight-wheeled
- nine-wheeled
- ten-wheeled
- eleven-wheeled
- twelve-wheeled
- thirteen-wheeled
- fourteen-wheeled
- fifteen-wheeled
- sixteen-wheeled
- eighteen-wheeled
- twenty-wheeled
- twenty-one-wheeled
- twenty-two-wheeled
- twenty-three-wheeled
- twenty-four-wheeled
- twenty-five-wheeled

Number of synapses:

- monosynaptic (1)
- disynaptic (2)
- trisynaptic (3)
- polysynaptic (*)