absinthium

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See also: Absinthium

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin absinthium, from Ancient Greek ἀψίνθιον (apsinthion), ἀσπίνθιον (apsinthion). The Ancient Greek word is of uncertain origin, albeit recognized as foreign (E.R. Wharton): underlain by a pre-Greek Pelasgian word, marked by the non-Indoeuropean consonant complex νθ. May be from Persian اسپند (ispand, wild rue). See also Absinthe on Wikipedia.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

absinthium (plural absinthium)

  1. (now rare, botany) The common wormwood (Artemisia absinthium), an intensely bitter herb used in the production of absinthe and vermouth, and as a tonic. [First attested around 1150 to 1350.][1]
  2. The dried leaves and flowering tops of the wormwood plant; absinthe oil.[2]

Anagrams[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2003 [1933], Brown, Lesley editor, The Shorter Oxford English Dictionary, edition 5th, Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press, ISBN 978-0-19-860575-7, page 9:
  2. ^ Philip Babcock Gove (editor), Webster's Third International Dictionary of the English Language, Unabridged (G. & C. Merriam Co., 1976 [1909], ISBN 0-87779-101-5), page 5

Latin[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ancient Greek ἀψίνθιον (apsinthion, wormwood).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

absinthium n (genitive absinthiī); second declension

  1. wormwood
  2. an infusion of wormwood sometimes masked with honey due to its bitter taste
  3. (figuratively) something which is bitter but wholesome
    • c. 95 CE, Quintilian, Institutio Oratoria 3.1.5
      Sed nos veremur ne parum hic liber mellis et absinthii multum habere videatur
      But I fear that this book will have too little sweetness and too much wormwood.
  4. accusative singular of absinthium
  5. vocative singular of absinthium

Inflection[edit]

Second declension neuter.

Number Singular Plural
nominative absinthium absinthia
genitive absinthiī absinthiōrum
dative absinthiō absinthiīs
accusative absinthium absinthia
ablative absinthiō absinthiīs
vocative absinthium absinthia

Descendants[edit]