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See also: Absinthium



From Latin absinthium, from Ancient Greek ἀψίνθιον (apsínthion), ἀσπίνθιον ( aspínthion). The Ancient Greek word is of uncertain origin, albeit recognized as foreign (E.R. Wharton): underlain by a pre-Greek Pelasgian word, marked by the non-Indoeuropean consonant complex νθ. May be from Persian اسپند (ispand, wild rue). See also Absinthe on Wikipedia.



absinthium (plural absinthium)

  1. (now rare) The common wormwood (Artemisia absinthium), an intensely bitter herb used in the production of absinthe and vermouth, and as a tonic. [First attested around 1150 to 1350.][1]
  2. The dried leaves and flowering tops of the wormwood plant; absinthe oil.[2]



  1. ^ 2003 [1933], Brown, Lesley editor, The Shorter Oxford English Dictionary, edition 5th, Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press, ISBN 978-0-19-860575-7, page 9:
  2. ^ Philip Babcock Gove (editor), Webster's Third International Dictionary of the English Language, Unabridged (G. & C. Merriam Co., 1976 [1909], ISBN 0-87779-101-5), page 5


Alternative forms[edit]


From Ancient Greek ἀψίνθιον (apsínthion, wormwood).



absinthium n (genitive absinthiī); second declension

  1. wormwood
  2. an infusion of wormwood sometimes masked with honey due to its bitter taste
  3. (figuratively) something which is bitter but wholesome
    • c. 95 CE, Quintilian, Institutio Oratoria 3.1.5
      Sed nos veremur ne parum hic liber mellis et absinthii multum habere videatur
      But I fear that this book will have too little sweetness and too much wormwood.
  4. accusative singular of absinthium
  5. vocative singular of absinthium


Second declension neuter.

Number Singular Plural
nominative absinthium absinthia
genitive absinthiī absinthiōrum
dative absinthiō absinthiīs
accusative absinthium absinthia
ablative absinthiō absinthiīs
vocative absinthium absinthia