abstinence

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English[edit]

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Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English, from Old French abstinence, from Latin abstinentia, from abstinēns, present participle of abstinēō (I withhold).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

abstinence (uncountable)

  1. The act or practice of abstaining, refraining from indulging a desire or appetite. [First attested around 1150 to 1350.][1]
    Penance, fasts, and abstinence, / To punish bodies for the soul's offense. - John Dryden
    The abstinence from a present pleasure that offers itself is a pain, nay, oftentimes, a very great one.John Locke
    Complete abstinence is easier than perfect moderation.St Augustine
    1. Specifically, the practice of abstaining from intoxicating/alcoholic beverages; total abstinence; teetotalism). [First attested around 1150 to 1350.][1]
    2. Specifically, the practice of abstaining from sexual intercourse, either permanently or until marriage. [First attested around 1150 to 1350.][1]
    3. (ecclesiastical) Abstention from certain foods on days of penitential observance. [First attested around 1150 to 1350.][1]
  2. The practice of self-denial; self-restraint; forebearance from anything. [First attested around 1350 to 1470.][1]
  3. (obsolete) Self-denial; abstaining; or forebearance of anything. [First attested around 1150 to 1350.][1]
  4. (business) Delay of spending to accrue capital.

Translations[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 Lesley Brown (editor), The Shorter Oxford English Dictionary, 5th edition (Oxford University Press, 2003 [1933], ISBN 978-0-19-860575-7), page 10

French[edit]

Noun[edit]

abstinence f (plural abstinences)

  1. abstinence (act or practice of abstaining)
  2. abstinence (specifically act or practice of abstaining from alcohol)
  3. abstinence (specifically act or practice of abstaining from sexual relations)

External links[edit]


Middle French[edit]

Noun[edit]

abstinence f (plural abstinences)

  1. abstinence (act or practice of abstaining)

Old French[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

abstinence f (oblique plural abstinences, nominative singular abstinence, nominative plural abstinences)

  1. abstinence (act or practice of abstaining)