antecedent

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English[edit]

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Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /æntəˈsidn̩t/, /ænˈtesədn̩t/

Etymology[edit]

From Old French antecedent (French antécédent), from Latin antecēdēns (go before), from antecēdere (to yield before).

Adjective[edit]

antecedent (not comparable)

  1. Earlier, either in time or order.
    an event antecedent to the Biblical Flood
    an antecedent cause
  2. presumptive
    an antecedent improbability

Translations[edit]

Noun[edit]

Examples (linguistics: expression referred to by pronoun)
  • In “The policeman asked the boy what he was doing.”, the phrase “the boy” is the antecedent of the pronoun “he”.
  • In the sentence “I saw my girlfriend yesterday wearing her old jacket which is odd because she almost never wears it.”, the phrase “my girlfriend” is the antecedent of “her” and “old jacket” is the antecedent of “it”.

antecedent (plural antecedents)

  1. Any thing that precedes another thing, especially the cause of the second thing.
  2. An ancestor.
  3. (grammar) A word, phrase or clause referred to by a pronoun.
    • Fowler
      [W]hereas it might seem orderly that, as who is appropriated to persons, so that should have been appropriated to things [] the antecedent of that is often personal.
    • 1988, Andrew Radford, Transformational grammar: a first course, Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, page 117:
      One such condition can be formulated in terms of the
      c-command relation defined in (9) above: the relevant condition is given in (16)
      below:
      (16)    C-COMMAND CONDITION ON ANAPHORS
              An anaphor must have an appropriate c-commanding antecedent
  4. (logic) The conditional part of a hypothetical proposition.
  5. (mathematics) The first term of a ratio, i.e. the term a in the ratio a:b, the other being the consequent.

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Holonyms[edit]

Translations[edit]

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See also[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ɑn.tə.səˈdɛnt/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: an‧te‧ce‧dent

Etymology[edit]

From Latin antecēdēns (go before), from antecēdere (to yield before).

Noun[edit]

antecedent n (plural antecedenten, diminutive antecedentje n)

  1. antecedent (linguistics)
  2. antecedent (logic)
  3. antecedent (thing that precedes)

Antonyms[edit]


Latin[edit]

Verb[edit]

antecēdent

  1. third-person plural future active indicative of antecēdō