circus

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See also: Circus

English[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

From Latin circus (ring, circle), from Proto-Indo-European *sker, *ker (to turn, to bend) [1] [2].

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)
  • UK, IPA: /ˈsəːkəs/; USA, IPA: /ˈsərkəs/
  • Rhymes: -ɜː(ɹ)kəs

Noun[edit]

circus (plural circuses)

  1. A traveling company of performers that may include acrobats, clowns, trained animals, and other novelty acts, that gives shows usually in a circular tent.
    The circus will be in town next week.
  2. A round open space in a town or city where multiple streets meet.
    Oxford Circus in London is at the north end of Regent Street.
  3. (historical) In the ancient Roman Empire, a building for chariot racing.
  4. (military, World War II) A code name for bomber attacks with fighter escorts in the day time. The attacks were against short-range targets with the intention of occupying enemy fighters and keeping their fighter units in the area concerned.
    • RAF Web - Air of Authority
      ... the squadron (No. 452) moved to Kenley in July 1941 and took part in the usual round of Circus, Rhubarb and Ramrod missions.
  5. (obsolete) Circuit; space; enclosure.
    The narrow circus of my dungeon wall. — Byron.

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ A grammar of modern Indo-European, p. 398, 3rd paragraph
  2. ^ The American heritage dictionary of Indo-European roots, p. 78, entry for "(s)ker-3

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ancient Greek κίρκος (kírkos, circle, ring), related with κρίκος (kríkos, ring).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

circus m (genitive circī); second declension

  1. A circular line or orbit; circle, ring.
  2. A racecourse or space where games are held, especially one that is round.
  3. The spectators in a circus; a circus.

Inflection[edit]

Second declension.

Number Singular Plural
nominative circus circī
genitive circī circōrum
dative circō circīs
accusative circum circōs
ablative circō circīs
vocative circe circī

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]