faillir

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French[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle French, from Old French, from Vulgar Latin fallīre, from Latin fallere, present active infinitive of fallō. See also falloir.

Verb[edit]

faillir

  1. to almost do something
    J'ai failli aller en Allemagne, mais j'ai annulé au dernier moment
    I almost went to Germany, but cancelled at the last minute
  2. to fail
    Tu as failli à ta mission.
    You failed your mission.
Conjugation[edit]
  • Faillir has two conjugations, one is older and irregular, but is in modern usage giving way to a conjugation like that of finir.
Synonyms[edit]
  • échouer (2) (more common than faillir)

Etymology 2[edit]

From faillite

Verb[edit]

faillir

  1. to go bankrupt
Conjugation[edit]
  • This is a regular verb of the second conjugation, like finir, choisir, and most other verbs with infinitives ending in -ir. One salient feature of this conjugation is the repeated appearance of the infix -iss-.

External links[edit]


Middle French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French, from Vulgar Latin fallīre, from Latin fallere, present active infinitive of fallō.

Verb[edit]

faillir

  1. to fail
    • circa 1369, Jean Froissart, Chroniques:
      quant les lances leur failloient, ils se prendoient aux haches
      when their lances failed them, they took up their axes
    • 1595, Michel de Montaigne, Essais, book II, chapter 37:
      Ou, s’il leur plait, ils se servent encore de cet empirement, et en font leurs affaires par cet autre moyen qui ne leur peut jamais faillir
      Or, if they preferred, they still made use of this deterioration, and did their affairs by this other means which could never fail them

Old French[edit]

Verb[edit]

faillir

  1. Alternative infinitive of falir

Conjugation[edit]

This verb conjugates as a third-group verb. This verb has irregularities in its conjugation. Old French conjugation varies significantly by date and by region. The following conjugation should be treated as a guide.

Descendants[edit]