foedo

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Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From foedus (filthy). Compare Old English bædan (to defile, pollute). More at bad.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

present active foedō, present infinitive foedāre, perfect active foedāvī, supine foedātum

  1. I make foul or filthy; defile, pollute, disfigure, mar, deform.
    • c. 370 CE – 404 CE, Claudian, Panegyricus de Sexto Consulatu Honorii Augusti 537–540
      Ipse favens votis solitoque decentior aër, quamvis adsiduo noctem foedaverat imbre, principis et solis radiis detersa removit nubila.
      The very weather, favoring our prayers and more decent than usual, although it had marred the night continually with rain, removed the clouds, wiped away by means of the rays of the sun and the emperor.
    • 1425—1450, (MS. Selden 55, Bodleian Library, Oxford) Vita Beati Eduardi Regis et Confessoris, p. 371, lines 327-329:
      Mira Dei virtus! trabeam non ulcera foedant; purpuream regis nec fluxus sanguinis atri splendorem vestis minuit, sed fortius auxit.
      The extraordinary virtue of God! The sores do not defile the trabea; nor did the flow of black blood diminish the splendor of the clothes, the purple of the king, but more strongly emphasized it.
  2. (figuratively) I dishonor, disgrace.
    • c. 77 CE – 79 CE, Pliny the Elder, Naturalis Historia 29.7
      (Graeci) nos quoque dictitant barbaros et spurcius nos quam alios Οπικων appellatione foedant.
      (The Greeks) also assert repeatedly that we are barbarians and that we are dirtier than others, dishonor us by calling us philistines.
    • 1509—1513, Ludovico Ariosto, De Diversis Amoribus:
      Humanone trucem foedabo sanguine dextram, ut meus assiduo sub bove crescat ager?
      Shall I disgrace my savage right hand with human blood, so that my field may continually thrive under the ox?

Inflection[edit]

Adjective[edit]

foedō

  1. dative masculine singular of foedus
  2. dative neuter singular of foedus
  3. ablative masculine singular of foedus
  4. ablative neuter plural of foedus

References[edit]

  • foedo in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short, A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1879