gnome

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See also: GNOME and gnōmē

English[edit]

Wikipedia

Etymology 1[edit]

From Ancient Greek γνώμη (gnṓmē, thought, opinion), from the base of γιγνώσκειν (gignṓskein, to know).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

gnome (plural gnomai or gnomes)

  1. A brief reflection or maxim; a pithy saying.
    • 1996, Giambattista Vico, Giorgio A. Pinton, Arthur W. Shippee (translators), The Art of Rhetoric, [1711-1741, Giambattista Vico, Institutiones Oratoriae], page 125,
      The Greeks in their tongue call this second type of maxim noema. The gnome is more appropriate to the philosophers, and the noema to the orators, to the poets, and to the historians. To speak by gnomes alone was referred to by the Greeks as "philosophizing" which we Italians would render as "to mouth maxims" (sputar sentenze).
    • 2003, Christiane Sourvinou-Inwood, Tragedy and Athenian Religion, page 386,
      Thus, the gnome concerning the precarious nature of, and the potential suffering in, human life sent by the gods uttered by Electra is deconstructed by her choice of paradigm. By using Tantalos as an illustration, the play overturns the apparent meaning of the gnome.
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From French gnome (gnome), from New Latin gnomus, used by Paracelsus as a synonym for pygmaeus (pygmy).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

gnome (plural gnomes)

  1. (magic, alchemy, Rosicrucianism) An elemental (spirit or corporeal creature associated with a classical element) associated with earth.
    • 1811, The Medical and Physical Journal, Volume 25, page 138,
      He adopts the Rosycrusian fancy of Gnomes, spirits which inhabit the earth, and who by their power form the ores of metals, and all the wonders met with in the inmost recesses of the globe.
    • 2006, Greg Lynch, RuneQuest Monsters, page 52,
      Gnomes are perhaps the most useful of the elementals.
      A gnome can carry a person with it as it swims through the soil, provided it is strong enough to lift the person. The gnome cannot, however, provide air for that person [] .
    • 2007, Christopher Penczak, Ascension Magick: Ritual, Myth and Healing for the New Aeon, page 413,
      Elementals are the consciousness guiding the four classical elements of earth, fire, air, and water. These elementals are depicted as gnomes, salamanders, diminutive faeries known as sylphs, and merfolk, known as undines, respectively.
  2. (mythology, fantasy literature) One of a legendary race of human-like beings, usually imagined as short bearded males, who inhabit the inner parts of the earth and act as guardians of mines, mineral treasure, etc.
    • 2011, Ross Lawhead, The Realms Thereunder, page 251,
      There were not one but four gnomes standing at his feet. “I nearly trod on you,” Daniel said. “What are you doing here?”
      The gnomes just stood, looking up at him.
  3. A dwarf; a goblin; a person of small stature or misshapen features, or of strange appearance.
  4. The northern pygmy owl, Glaucidium gnoma, a small owl of the western United States.
  5. A small statue placed in a garden to ward off pests and protect a home from sorcery.
    • 2011, Bronwen Forbes, The Small-Town Pagan's Survival Guide, page 72,
      My mother-in-law, who swears she is a good Lutheran but is also the most powerful Witch I have ever met, also has at least a dozen small lawn gnomes peeking out from beside her shrubs, next to the lilac bushes, and hanging out with the roses. My husband has already started our collection; as of this writing, four gnomes and one moss-covered rabbit hang out in the shrubbery by the front door, two gnomes live in the dining room, and one guards the perpetual pile of to-do paperwork that lives next to the computer.
  6. (astronomy, meteorology) An upper atmospheric optical phenomenon associated with thunderstorms, a compact blue starter.
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French[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

gnome m (plural gnomes)

  1. gnome

External links[edit]


Italian[edit]

Noun[edit]

gnome f

  1. plural form of gnoma