jukujikun

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Romanization of Japanese 熟字訓 (literally compound character reading).

Noun[edit]

jukujikun (plural jukujikun)

  1. (linguistics) A Japanese word whose kanji spelling conveys the meaning based on the individual characters, but the reading is not directly related to the spellling. For example, (big, usually read ō in kun'yomi compounds) and (person, usually read hito in kun'yomi compounds) combine to form 大人, meaning “adult” but read as otona instead of the otherwise-expected ōbito.

Usage notes[edit]

Examples include:-

  • "smoke" (kemuri) + "grass" (kusa) = tobacco (煙草tabako)
  • "great" (ō) + "peace" (wa) = unified Japan (大和Yamato)
  • "seven" (nana) + "evening" () = a star festival held July 7th (七夕Tanabata)
  • "ageless wizard" (仙人sennin) + "hand" (tenohira) = cactus (仙人掌saboten)
  • "place" (tokoro) + "because of" (motsu) = grounds, justification (所以yuen)
  • "horse" (uma) + "drunken" (yoi) + "tree" (ki) = Japanese andromeda, a shrub poisonous to horses (馬酔木ashibi)
  • "hunted animal" (kari) + "tiger" (tora) = "sea otter" (猟虎rakko)
  • "ocean" (umi) + "otter" (kawauso) = "sea otter" (海獺rakko)

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Taylor, I., & Taylor, M. M. (1995) Writing and literacy in Chinese, Korean, and Japanese. Philadelphia, PA: John Benjamins Publishing Company, p. 302.

Japanese[edit]

Romanization[edit]

jukujikun

  1. rōmaji reading of じゅくじくん