obdurate

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Mid 15th century, from Latin obduratus (hardened), form of obdūrō, from ob- (against) + dūrō (harden, render hard), from durus (hard).[1] Compare durable, endure.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈɒbdjʊrət/, /ˈɒbdjʊrɪt/
  • (US) IPA(key): /ˈɑːbdjʊrɪt/, /ˈɑːbdʊrɪt/
  • (file)
  • Sometimes accented on the second syllable, especially by the older poets.

Adjective[edit]

obdurate (comparative more obdurate, superlative most obdurate)

  1. Stubbornly persistent, generally in wrongdoing; refusing to reform or repent.
    • Hooker
      The very custom of evil makes the heart obdurate against whatsoever instructions to the contrary.
    • Shakespeare
      Art thou obdurate, flinty, hard as steel, / Nay, more than flint, for stone at rain relenteth?
    • 1818, Percy Bysshe Shelley,"The Revolt of Islam", canto 4, stanza 9, lines 1486-7:
      But custom maketh blind and obdurate
      The loftiest hearts.
    • 2011 February 12, Les Roopanarine, “Birmingham 1 - 0 Stoke”, BBC:
      An injury-time goal from Nikola Zigic against an obdurate Stoke side gave Birmingham back-to back Premier League wins for the first time in 14 months.
  2. (obsolete) Physically hardened, toughened.

Synonyms[edit]

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Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

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References[edit]

  1. ^ obdurate” in Douglas Harper, Online Etymology Dictionary (2001).

Latin[edit]

Verb[edit]

obdurāte

  1. second-person plural present active imperative of obdurō