pelēks

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Latvian[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

Traditionally derived from pele (mouse) (q.v.), from Proto-Indo-European *pel- (gray, pale), with a suffix -ek, to refer to an inherent quality of mice. But maybe it was derived directly from *pel-, via a previous adjective *pels (whence the verb pelēt (to grow moldy, mildewy) and the dialectal form pelgans (grayish), yielding *pel(e)ks (compare 19th-century family name Peleks); the final vowel would then be lengthened by association with pele (mouse). Cognates include Lithuanian mice gray.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

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Adjective[edit]

Pelēks

pelēks (def. pelēkais, comp. pelēkāks, sup. vispelēkākais; adv. pelēki)

  1. gray (having the color of, e.g., ash; white with low brightness)
    pelēka krāsagray color
    gaiši, tumši pelēks — light, dark gray
    zvina pelēks — lead gray
    pelēkas debesisgray sky
    pelēki mākoņi, miglagray cloud(s), mist
  2. gray (having a tone or hue similar to gray when compared to other related elements)
    pelēkais strazdsgray thrush, fieldfare
    pelēkā alvagray tin
    pelēkais čugunsgray cast iron
  3. gray, cloudy
    pelēka diena, pelēks rītsgray day, gray morning
  4. colorless, commonplace, uninteresting, unhealthy
    pelēka ikdienagray (= uninteresting) everyday (life)
    pelēka masagray (= undifferentiated) mass (of people)
    seja slimniekam kļuvusi pelēka — the pacient's face turned gray

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]
balts
brūns
dzeltens
melns
oranžs
pelēks
rozā
sarkans
sārts
violets
zaļš
zils

References[edit]

  1. ^ “pelēks” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (Rīga: AVOTS) ISBN: 9984-700-12-7.