zils

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Latvian[edit]

Latvian Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia lv

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Baltic *žil-as, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰel- (to shine), the same stem as zelts (gold) (q.v.) and several color terms (compare dzeltens (yellow), zaļš (green). This word must have been formed relatively late, after the differentiation of Baltic and Slavic, since, unlike “yellow” and “green,” it has no counterparts among the Slavic terms for “blue.” Cognates include Lithuanian žìlas (gray, silvery-white).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

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Adjective[edit]

Zils

zils (def. zilais, comp. zilāks, sup. viszilākais; adv. zili)

  1. blue (the same (or similar) color as, e.g., a clear sky)
    zila krāsablue color
    tumši, gaiši zils — light, dark blue
    zilas acisblue eyes
    zili dūmiblue smoke
    zilais krusts — the blue cross (veterinarian aid sign)
  2. blue (having a tone or hue similar to blue when compared to other, related elements)
    zilie ceriņiblue lilacs

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]
balts
brūns
dzeltens
melns
oranžs
pelēks
rozā
sarkans
sārts
violets
zaļš
zils

References[edit]

  1. ^ “zils” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca, in 2 vols, Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN: 9984-700-12-7