refuse

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See also: refusé and re-fuse

English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle French refusé, past participle of refuser (to refuse).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

refuse (comparative more refuse, superlative most refuse)

  1. Discarded, rejected.

Noun[edit]

refuse (uncountable)

  1. (UK) Collectively, items or material that have been discarded; rubbish, garbage.
Synonyms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old French refuser, from Vulgar Latin *refusare, a blend of Classical Latin refutō and recusō.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

refuse (third-person singular simple present refuses, present participle refusing, simple past and past participle refused)

  1. (transitive) To decline (a request or demand).
    My request for a pay rise was refused.
    I refuse to listen to this nonsense any more.
    • Bible, Isa. i. 20
      If ye refuse [] ye shall be devoured with the sword.
    • 2011 September 27, Alistair Magowan, “Bayern Munich 2 - 0 Man City”, BBC Sport:
      City were outclassed thereafter and Roberto Mancini said that substitute Carlos Tevez refused to play.
  2. (intransitive) To decline a request or demand, forbear; to withhold permission.
    I asked the star if I could have her autograph, but she refused.
  3. (military) To throw back, or cause to keep back (as the centre, a wing, or a flank), out of the regular alignment when troops are about to engage the enemy.
    to refuse the right wing while the left wing attacks
  4. (obsolete, transitive) To disown.
    • Shakespeare
      Refuse thy name.
Usage notes[edit]
Synonyms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Noun[edit]

refuse

  1. (obsolete) refusal
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Fairfax to this entry?)

French[edit]

Verb[edit]

refuse

  1. first-person singular present indicative of refuser
  2. third-person singular present indicative of refuser
  3. first-person singular present subjunctive of refuser
  4. third-person singular present subjunctive of refuser
  5. second-person singular imperative of refuser

Anagrams[edit]