trūcīgs

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Latvian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From trūk(t) (to lack) +‎ -īgs, with palatalization of k to c.

Pronunciation[edit]

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Adjective[edit]

trūcīgs (def. trūcīgais, comp. trūcīgāks, sup. vistrūcīgākais; adv. trūcīgi)

  1. poor (lacking or having very little of the necessary means of subsistence)
    trūcīga ģimenepoor family
    trūcīgs pensionārspoor retired man
    trūcīgu vecāku bērns — a child of poor parents
    trūcīga saimniecībapoor farm
  2. poor (having poor inhabitants, lacking the necessary means for their subsistence)
    trūcīgs ciematspoor village
    visa Latvija kļūst aizvien trūcīgāka — the whole Latvija is becoming increasingly poorer
  3. poor, insufficient, scarce (lacking important components in its preparation; not available in sufficient quantity)
    trūcīga barībapoor, scarce food
    trūcīgas vakariņaspoor, scarce dinner
    trūcīgi resursipoor resources
    pārtika kļuva arvien trūcīgāka; māte lasīja zupai skābenes un balandas... — the food became increasingly scarcer; mother gathered sorrel and goosefoot for the soup...
    pārsteidzoši vienkārša, pat trūcīga, salīdzinājumā ar pārējām telpām, ir dzejnieka darba istaba — surprisingly simple, even poor in comparison with the other rooms, is the poet's study (lit. work room)
    veikals toreiz bija trūcīgs un mazs kā mani iekrājumi — the store that time was poor and small like my savings
  4. (of time periods) poor (characterized by poverty)
    trūcīga bērnībapoor childhood
    Muraška atcērējās trūcīgos studiju gadus — Muraška remembered the poor study years
    trūcīga un skumja viņiem ši svētdiena; nevienam nav naudaspoor and sad to them (was) this Sunday; nobody had money
  5. poor, scarce (present in small, insufficient amounts; having small, insufficient amounts of something important or necessary)
    trūcīga augu valstsscarce vegetal kingdom, scarce vegetation
    trūcīgas zināšanaspoor, scarce knowledge
    trūcīgi arhīvu materiālipoor, scarce archive materials
    trūcīgs vārdu krājumspoor vocabulary
    trūcīgs inventārspoor inventory (= scarce supplies)
    trūcīga fantāzijapoor fantasy, imagination
    pirmais loms bija gaužām trūcīgs: nepilns centners reņģu — the first catch was pitifully poor: less than a hundredweight of herring
    trūcīgajā luktura gaismā seju lāgā nevarēja saskatīt — in the poor lamp light (one) could almost not see (his) face

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