From Proto-Indo-European *tum-éh₁- (“to be swelling”), stative stem of *tum- (“to swell”). Cognates include Sanskrit तुम्र (túmra, “big, strong”) and तूतुम (tūtumá, “strong, effective”), Proto-Germanic *þūmô (whence English thumb), and Lithuanian tumė́ti (“to become thick”).
- I am swollen, turgid, distended, puffed out or inflated, I swell.
- (figuratively) I am excited or violent, ready to burst forth.
- (figuratively) I am puffed out or inflated with pride.
- (figuratively, of speech or writing) I am turgid, pompous or bombastic.