urbs

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Latin

Noun[edit]

urbs (plural urbes)

  1. A walled city in Ancient Rome.

Latin[edit]

urbs (a city)

Etymology[edit]

According to the Urbian theory, from *OR/UR- or *OL/UL-, "huge, big, elevated". Cognate with Thracian Az-oros, Basque uri, hiri (township), Greek λαβύρινθος (labúrinthos) and Sumerian Ur and Urbillum, today the city of Irbil. This theory is opposed by many linguists.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

urbs f (genitive urbis); third declension

  1. a city, walled town
    • 63 BCE, Cicero, Catiline Orations (Latin text and English translations here)
      O di immortales, ubinam gentium sumus? Quam rem publicam habemus? In qua urbe vivimus?.
      O ye immortal gods, where on earth are we? In what city are we living? What is the government we have?
    Urbi ferro flammāque minitatus est.
    He threatened the city with fire and sword.
  2. The City, viz. Rome
    • 100 BCE – 44 BCE, Julius Caesar, Commentarii de Bello Gallico 1.7
      Caesari cum id nuntiatum esset, eos per provinciam nostram iter facere conari, maturat ab urbe proficisci et quam maximis potest itineribus in Galliam ulteriorem contendit et ad Genavam pervenit.
      When it was reported to Caesar that they were attempting to make their route through our Province he hastens to set out from the City, and, by as great marches as he can, proceeds to Further Gaul, and arrives at Geneva.
    Ab urbe condita.
    From the founding of the City.
    Urbi et orbi.
    To the City and the world.

Inflection[edit]

Third declension i-stem.

Number Singular Plural
nominative urbs urbēs
genitive urbis urbium
dative urbī urbibus
accusative urbem urbēs
urbīs
ablative urbe urbibus
vocative urbs urbēs

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]