vīrs

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See also: virs

Latvian[edit]

Vīrs un sieva

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Balto-Slavic *wīˀras, from Proto-Indo-European *wiros, *wīros, *wiHrós “man” < “strong one”, from the stem *wey- (to go, move in a straight direction; to be strong) (cf. Latin vis (strength)). Cognates include Lithuanian výras, Old Prussian wijrs, wirs, Gothic 𐍅𐌰𐌹𐍂 (wair), Old High German wer, Old Norse verr, Old Irish fer, Sanskrit वीरः (vīráḥ), Avestan [script needed] (vira), [script needed] (vīra), Latin vir.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

(file)

Noun[edit]

vīrs m (1st declension)

  1. husband (a married man, in reference to his wife)
    vīrs un sievahusband and wife
    gādīgs vīrs — a caring husband
    saticīgs vīrs — a husband who is easy to live with
    dzērājs vīrs — a drunkard husband
    vīra māsahusband's sister (= sister-in-law)
    vīra radihusband's relatives (= in-laws)
    ņemt vīru — to take a husband
    iziet pie vīra — to go to (= take) a husband
    tāds veikls un smuks puisis, un krietns... laimīga tā meita, kas viņu reiz dabūs par vīru — such a neat and handsome guy, and honest... happy (is) the woman who will get him as a husband
  2. man (male human being)
    pusmūža vīrs — a middle-aged man
    stalts vīrs — a stately man
    omulīgs vīrs — a cheerful, jovial man
    lāga vīrs — a good man, a good fellow
    spēka vīrs — a man of strength (= strong man)
    goda vīrs — a man of honor (= honorable man)
    īsts vīrs — a real man
    vīru koris, vīriešu korismale, men's choir
  3. (in combination with a word describing an occupation) a man who works, deals with something
    sardzes vīrs — watch (lit. defense, protection) man
    darba vīrs — workman, worker
    karavīrs — soldier (lit. war-man)
    ugunsdzēsēju komandas vīri — fire-brigade men (= firemen, firefighters)

Declension[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

The default term for “man” is vīrietis, which has restricted vīrs to the meaning of “husband,” but there are many expressions and situations in which vīrs can still be used to mean “man.”

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ “vīrs” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca, in 2 vols, Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN: 9984-700-12-7

Samogitian[edit]

Samogitian Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia sgs

Jauns vīrs
A young man

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *wiHrós. Compare to Standard Lithuanian vyras. Other Baltic cognates include Old Prussian wijrs and Latvian vīrs.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

vīrs m (plural vīrā)

  1. man

Declension[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

  • vyras (Standard Lithuanian)