verstaan

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Afrikaans[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Dutch verstaan.

Verb[edit]

verstaan (present verstaan, present participle verstanende, past participle verstaan)

  1. to understand

Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *fura + *stāną. Cognate with German verstehen; English forstand.

Verstaan originated as a compound word, similar to a host of Germanic compound words meaning "understand". There is a dichotomy in the modern and old Germanic languages between compound words derived from "fore-stand" and "under-stand". However, the dichotomy does not correspond to the separation of the branches of the accepted family tree of Germanic languages. Languages that follow the "fore-stand" paradigm include Modern Danish, Modern Dutch and Modern German. Languages that follow the "under-stand" paradigm include Modern English and Old Norse. It is likely that either the two paradigms co-existed in Proto-Germanic, or that neither existed, but "fore" and "under" were synonomous in this context. Gothic, in addition to subscribing to the "fura-stand" paradigm, had a verb 𐍆𐍂𐌰𐌸𐌾𐌰𐌽 (fraþjan) which meant understand. It is a cognate to frode meaning a man of wisdom. Since fraþjan, as a verb, did not find its way into any of the other Germanic languages, it was not likely used to mean "understand" in Proto-Germanic.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

verstaan (past singular verstond, past participle verstaan)

  1. to understand (language, words), to hear clearly.
  2. to understand (an idea), to comprehend

Usage notes[edit]

In sense 2, the verb begrijpen is more common, but verstaan is also used.

Conjugation[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Participle[edit]

verstaan

  1. past participle of verstaan

Declension[edit]


Finnish[edit]

Noun[edit]

verstaan

  1. Genitive singular form of verstas.