- 1 Dutch
- 2 Faroese
- 3 German
- 4 Middle Dutch
The result of a merger of Middle Dutch er- and ver-. The former is an unstressed variant of Old/Middle Dutch ur-/or- (modern Dutch oor-), and goes back to Proto-Germanic *uz-, as in Gothic 𐌿𐌶- (us-), Old High German ur-, ir- (German ur-, er-). The latter derives from Old Dutch fir-, far-, and goes back to a mixture of Proto-Germanic *fer-, *fur-, *fra- and other similar particles, as in Gothic 𐍆𐌰𐌹𐍂- (fair-), 𐍆𐌰𐌿𐍂- (faur-), 𐍆𐍂𐌰- (fra-), Old English for- (English for-), Old High German fir-, far- (German ver-).
- to do or to become what the stem (following this prefix) refers to
- used to indicate that the action (referred to by the stem) has a negative connotation (for the direct object of the stem)
- werpen 'throw' → verwerpen 'reject'
- oordelen 'judge' → veroordelen 'condemn'
- to move or change in the manner specified by the stem
- A prefix found as part of surnames, found mainly in the southern Netherlands and in Belgium.
- Inseparable verbal prefix for-
- Inseparable verbal prefix that denotes a transition of the object into a state, which is indicated by the stem.
- Inseparable verbal prefix indicating a negative action of the stem.
- See also Index:German/v
- Forms verbs indicating change away from a state.
- Forms verbs indicating a more thorough action.
- Dutch: ver-