laufen

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
See also: Laufen

German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old High German hloufan, loufan, from Proto-Germanic *hlaupaną. Akin to Gothic 𐌿𐍃𐌷𐌻𐌰𐌿𐍀𐌰𐌽 (ushlaupan, jump up), Old Norse hlaupa (whence Danish løbe), Old Saxon hlōpan, English lope. Non-Germanic cognates include Slovak klusať (to trot), Slovene kljusati (to amble).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈlaʊ̯fən/, [ˈlaʊ̯fən], [ˈlaʊ̯fm̩]
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: lau‧fen

Verb[edit]

laufen (class 7 strong, third-person singular simple present läuft, past tense lief, past participle gelaufen, auxiliary sein)

  1. (transitive or intransitive) to run; to jog, to move quickly on one's feet.
    Ich bin heute weiter als sonst gelaufen. — Today I've run more than usual.
    Joggen bedeutet entspannter aber auch bewusster zu laufen. — Jogging means to run in a less exhausting but more conscious way.
  2. (transitive or intransitive) to walk; to go on foot
  3. (intransitive, of a fluid) to flow; to leak; to run
  4. (intransitive, of an event) to be in progress; to run
    Das Projekt läuft erfolgreich. — The project is progressing successfully.
  5. (intransitive, computing) to run, to execute (a program)
    Das Programm läuft einwandfrei. — The program runs flawlessly.
  6. (intransitive, of an event) to be in order; to work; to function
    Alles läuft wie es soll. — Everything works just fine.
  7. (intransitive, of time) to pass; to flow

Usage notes[edit]

Laufen in the sense of “to walk”, i.e. synonymous with gehen, is considered informal by some. It is, however, a very common use of this verb.

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

External links[edit]