viesmīlīgs

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Latvian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From viesis (visitor, guest) +‎ mīlīgs (friendly, kind) (with mīlīgs from mīl(ēt) +‎ -īgs), first attested (probably coined) in the 1860s.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

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Adjective[edit]

viesmīlīgs (def. viesmīlīgais, comp. viesmīlīgāks, sup. visviesmīlīgākais; adv. viesmīlīgi)

  1. hospitable (who likes to receive guests, welcoming, friendly towards guests)
    viesmīlīgs namatēvshospitable host
    viesmīlīga saimniecehospitable lady, hostess
    iepazināmies arī ar manu māti, gādīgu pret bērniem, neparasti viesmīlīgu pret katru ciemiņu — we (will) also meet my mother, (who is) caring for children (and) extraordinarily hospitable towards every neighbor
  2. hospitable (expressing such qualities, typically characterized by such qualities)
    viesmīlīga uzņemšana — a hospitable, welcoming reception
    viesmīlīga zeme — a hospitable, welcoming land
    māmiņa bija tik laipna, ka pieņēmām viņas viesmīlīgo uzaicinājumu palikt pie viņas — mum was so kind that we accepted her hospitable invitation to stay with her
    pēkšņi viņš jūtas brīvs kā daždien karavīrs, kas pēc simtiem kilometru nostaigātu svešu ceļu iegriezies viesmīlīgās mājās — suddenly he feels free as a soldier who after hundreds of kilometers traveling on alien roads (finally) arrives at a hospitable, welcoming house

Declension[edit]

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Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ “viesis” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca, in 2 vols, Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN: 9984-700-12-7