à jour

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See also: ajour and a jour

French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

à jour (invariable)

  1. up-to-date, current

Descendants[edit]

  • Danish: ajour
  • Norwegian Bokmål: à jour, a jour
  • Swedish: ajour

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From French à jour (up-to-date), first part from Middle French [Term?], from Old French a (to, towards, belonging to), from Latin ad (to, towards, up to, at), from Proto-Italic *ad (toward, to, on, up to, for), from Proto-Indo-European *h₂éd (to, at). Last part from French jour (day, daylight, light), from Old French jorn, jor (day), from Latin diurnum [tempus], from the neuter of the adjective diurnus (of the day, daily), a rhoticiztion of earlier *diusnus, from both diūs (old nominative of diēs), from Old Latin, from Proto-Italic *djous (day, sky; Jupiter) from Proto-Indo-European *dyḗws (sky, heaven; sky god), from earlier *dyéws, from *dyew- (to be bright; sky, heaven) + and from -nus (suffix forming adjectives), from Proto-Italic *-nos, from Proto-Indo-European *-nós (creates verbal adjectives from roots).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

à jour

  1. up to date (especially in accounting)
    • 1920, Jonas Lie, Samlede Digterverker III, page 357:
      der laa arbeide der i denne tid mindst for to, før han kom à jour
      there was work there at this time at least for two, before he came up to date
    • 2013, Tor Åge Bringsværd, Ikke fordi den har et svar, men fordi den har en sang, page X:
      jeg [måtte] gjøre et alvorlig forsøk på å komme litt mer ajour med listen min
      I [had to] make a serious effort to get a little more up to date with my list
    • 2013, Karin Fossum, Carmen Zita og døden:
      du har selvfølgelig krav på å være ajour med det vi har av funn
      you are of course entitled to be up to date with what we have of discoveries
    • 2013 August 1, Aftenposten, page 9:
      skolebøkene bagatelliserer [språkforskeren Ivar] Aasen. De skriver om den fattige stakkaren og er ikke faglig à jour
      the textbooks downplay [linguist Ivar] Aasen. They write about the poor poor man and are not professionally up to date
    • 1987, Terje Stigen, Katedralen:
      nå var det ikke om å gjøre å holde seg ajour med kalenderen, den var ikke lenger en nødsrasjon, en siste reserve
      now it was not about keeping up with the calendar, it was no longer an emergency ration, a last resort
    • 2001 July 15, Bergens Tidende, page 30:
      det er her [hos frisøren] og hos tannlegen man holder seg ajour med hva Se og Hør velger å skrive om
      it is here [at the hairdresser] and at the dentist that you stay up to date with what Se og Hør chooses to write about
    bringe/føre/holde à jourbringing/keeping/staying up to date
    komme/bli à jourbecome up to date (with all of today's work, finish all of today's tasks)
    være à jourbe up to date (in accounting), be oriented about something, have the most knowledge about a subject
    være à jour med betalingen
    being up to date with payments
    holde (seg/noen) à jourkeep (themselves or someone) up to date, keep (themselves or someone) informed of something
  2. (geology) transparent
    en edelsten som er à jour
    a gemstone which is transparent

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Adjective[edit]

à jour

  1. Alternative spelling of ajour