ág

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Hungarian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Ugric *saŋɜ (branch).[1] Cognates include Mansi таг (tag, twig, branch).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈaːɡ]
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: ág
  • Rhymes: -aːɡ

Noun[edit]

ág (plural ágak)

  1. branch

Declension[edit]

Inflection (stem in -a-, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative ág ágak
accusative ágat ágakat
dative ágnak ágaknak
instrumental ággal ágakkal
causal-final ágért ágakért
translative ággá ágakká
terminative ágig ágakig
essive-formal ágként ágakként
essive-modal
inessive ágban ágakban
superessive ágon ágakon
adessive ágnál ágaknál
illative ágba ágakba
sublative ágra ágakra
allative ághoz ágakhoz
elative ágból ágakból
delative ágról ágakról
ablative ágtól ágaktól
non-attributive
possessive - singular
ágé ágaké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
ágéi ágakéi
Possessive forms of ág
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. ágam ágaim
2nd person sing. ágad ágaid
3rd person sing. ága ágai
1st person plural águnk ágaink
2nd person plural ágatok ágaitok
3rd person plural águk ágaik

Derived terms[edit]

Compound words

References[edit]

  1. ^ Entry #1745 in Uralonet, online Uralic etymological database of the Research Institute for Linguistics, Hungary. Internet Archive

Further reading[edit]

  • ág in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh: A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (’The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN
  • ág in Ittzés, Nóra (ed.). A magyar nyelv nagyszótára (’A Comprehensive Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 2006–2031 (work in progress; published A–ez as of 2021)

Old Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *h₂eǵ- (to drive).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ág m (genitive áig or ága)

  1. fight, battle, contest

Inflection[edit]

Masculine o-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative ág ágL áigL
Vocative áig ágL águH
Accusative ágN ágL águH
Genitive áigL ág ágN
Dative ágL ágaib ágaib
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization
Masculine u-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative ág ágL ágaeH
Vocative ág ágL águ
Accusative ágN ágL águ
Genitive ágoH, ágaH ágoL, ágaL ágaeN
Dative ágL ágaib ágaib
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization

Descendants[edit]

  • Irish: ágh

See also[edit]

  • ár (slaughter)

Mutation[edit]

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
ág unchanged n-ág
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]