šķīvis

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Latvian[edit]

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 šķīvis on Latvian Wikipedia
Šķīvji

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

A borrowing from Middle High German schive (disk, round plate, dish), or maybe from Middle Dutch schijf or an East Frisian word (compare Saterland Frisian Schieuwe, Skieuwe; also compare German Scheibe). The borrowing is first mentioned in 17th-century dictionaries (as šķīva), in competition with another borrowing, tallerķis, telerķis, telēķis (compare German Teller). In the 19th century, a form šķīve is mentioned, especially from Kurzeme, while telerķis was more frequent in Vidzeme. A. Kronvalds used both forms to translate German Teller (šķīvis (telēķis), in 1863). The form šķīvis became standard in the literary language by the end of the 19th century.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

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Noun[edit]

šķīvis m (2nd declension)

  1. dish, plate (round, rarely oval, usually flat bowl for serving food; its contents)
    māla, porcelāna, plastmasas šķīvjiclay, porcelain, plastic dishes
    dziļais, seklais šķīvisdeep, shallow plate
    zupas, maizes šķīvissoup, bread plate
    sienas šķīviswall plate
    liet zupu šķīvīto pour soup on the plate
    notīrīt šķīvito clean the plate (i.e., to eat all the food on the plate)
    izēst divus šķīvjusto eat two plates
  2. (music, chiefly plural) cymbals, brass plates (percussion instrument consisting of two metal disks)
    es situ šķīvjus visos jaunatnes simfoniskā orķestra koncertosI play (lit. hit) the cymbals in all youth symphonic orchestra concerts
  3. (chiefly in the plural) plates (machinery part, a curved metal plate)
    ecēšu šķīvjiharrow plates
    siltummaiņa šķīvjiheat exchanger plates

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “šķīvis”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7