According to Beekes, from λαμυρός (lamurós, “avaricious, voracious, coquettish”), a Pre-Greek word probably related to λαιμός (laimós, “throat, gullet”). Others suggest a late Proto-Indo-European stem *lem (“ghost, nocturnal spirit”) that was ultimately borrowed from a substrate language such as Etruscan or Anatolian. Compare Latin lemures (“ghosts of the departed”).
- (Greek mythology) A fabulous monster said to feed on man's flesh; bugbear with which to frighten children
- Duris 17 J.
- Latin: lamia
- Λάμιᾰ in Liddell & Scott (1940) A Greek–English Lexicon, Oxford: Clarendon Press
- Λάμια in Liddell & Scott (1889) An Intermediate Greek–English Lexicon, New York: Harper & Brothers
- Woodhouse, S. C. (1910) English–Greek Dictionary: A Vocabulary of the Attic Language, London: Routledge & Kegan Paul Limited.
- ^ Roberts, Edward A. (2014) A Comprehensive Etymological Dictionary of the Spanish Language with Families of Words based on Indo-European Roots, Xlibris Corporation, →ISBN
- ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill
- ^ Mallory, J. P.; Adams, D. Q. (2006) The Oxford introduction to Proto-Indo-European and the Proto-Indo-European world, Oxford University Press