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See also: Lamia, lamía, làmia, and lâmia



From Latin lamia, from Ancient Greek Λάμια (Lámia).



lamia (plural lamias or lamiae)

  1. A monster preying upon human beings and who sucked the blood of children, often described as having the head and breasts of a woman and the lower half of a serpent.
    • 1621, Democritus Junior [pseudonym; Robert Burton], The Anatomy of Melancholy, Oxford: Printed by Iohn Lichfield and Iames Short, for Henry Cripps, OCLC 216894069:, III.2.1.i:
      Apollonius [] by some probable conjectures, found her out to be a serpent, a lamia, and that all her furniture was like Tantalus' gold described by Homer, no substance, but mere illusions.






From Ancient Greek Λάμια (Lámia).



lamia f (genitive lamiae); first declension

  1. witch who was said to suck children's blood (sort of female bogeyman), a sorceress, enchantress
  2. sort of flatfish
  3. species of owl


First declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative lamia lamiae
genitive lamiae lamiārum
dative lamiae lamiīs
accusative lamiam lamiās
ablative lamiā lamiīs
vocative lamia lamiae

Usage notes[edit]

  • Elsewhere used to refer to a type of flatfish and a type of owl.


  • lamia in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • lamia in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • du Cange, Charles (1883), “lamia”, in G. A. Louis Henschel, Pierre Carpentier, Léopold Favre, editors, Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (in Latin), Niort: L. Favre
  • lamia” in Félix Gaffiot’s Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette (1934)
  • lamia in The Perseus Project (1999) Perseus Encyclopedia[1]
  • lamia in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • lamia in William Smith, editor (1848) A Dictionary of Greek Biography and Mythology, London: John Murray
  • lamia in William Smith, editor (1854, 1857) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography, volume 1 & 2, London: Walton and Maberly