Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: lémures and lêmures



From Latin lemurēs. See lemur.


  • IPA(key): /ˈlɛmjəriːz/
  • (file)


lemures pl (plural only)

  1. The spirits or ghosts of the dead in the Roman mythology, considered as troublesome unless exorcised or appeased.
    Coordinate term: Lares

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Part or all of this entry has been imported from the 1913 edition of Webster’s Dictionary, which is now free of copyright and hence in the public domain. The imported definitions may be significantly out of date, and any more recent senses may be completely missing.
(See the entry for lemures in
Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.)



According to de Vaan, from a substrate source along with Ancient Greek Λαμία (Lamía), possibly Etruscan or Anatolian. The two words may have existed as a late Proto-Indo-European stem *lem- (ghost, nocturnal spirit).



lemurēs m pl (genitive lemurum); third declension

  1. shades, ghosts of the departed
  2. ghosts, spectres


Third-declension noun, plural only.

Case Plural
Nominative lemurēs
Genitive lemurum
Dative lemuribus
Accusative lemurēs
Ablative lemuribus
Vocative lemurēs


  • English: lemur, lemures


  • lemures in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • lemures in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • lemures in William Smith, editor (1848) A Dictionary of Greek Biography and Mythology, London: John Murray
  • lemures in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin
  • De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7)‎[1], Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN
  • Roberts, Edward A. (2014) A Comprehensive Etymological Dictionary of the Spanish Language with Families of Words based on Indo-European Roots, Xlibris Corporation, →ISBN
  • Mallory, J. P.; Adams, D. Q. (2006) The Oxford introduction to Proto-Indo-European and the Proto-Indo-European world, Oxford University Press