αἰσθάνομαι

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *h₂ewisd-, from *h₂ew- (to see, perceive), from which also comes ἀΐω (aḯō). Cognates include Sanskrit आविस् (āvís, openly, manifestly, evidently), Latin audiō (I hear), and Hittite 𒌋𒀪𒄭 (u-uḫ-ḫi, I see).

Pronunciation[edit]

 
  • (5th BCE Attic) IPA(key): /ai̯s.tʰá.no.mai̯/
  • (1st CE Egyptian) IPA(key): /ɛsˈtʰa.no.mɛ/
  • (4th CE Koine) IPA(key): /ɛsˈθa.no.mɛ/
  • (10th CE Byzantine) IPA(key): /esˈθa.no.me/
  • (15th CE Constantinopolitan) IPA(key): /esˈθa.no.me/
  • Verb[edit]

    αἰσθάνομαι (aisthánomai)

    1. (transitive) I perceive, apprehend, notice [+genitive or accusative = something], [+nominative participle = oneself doing, that one is doing], [+genitive and genitive participle = that someone or something is doing, does], with ὅτι (hóti) or ὡς (hōs) and a verb: that ...
      • 460 BCE – 395 BCE, Thucydides, 2 51.4
        δεινότατον δὲ παντὸς ἦν τοῦ κακοῦ ἥ τε ἀθυμία ὁπότε τις αἴσθοιτο κάμνων
        deinótaton dè pantòs ên toû kakoû hḗ te athumía hopóte tis aísthoito kámnōn
        The most horrible misery of all was the despair when someone felt themselves getting sick
      • 445 BCE – 380 BCE, Lysias, For Mantitheus 20
        ἤδη δέ τινων ᾐσθόμην, ὦ βουλή, καὶ διὰ ταῦτα ἀχθομένων μοι, ὅτι νεώτερος ὢν ἐπεχείρησα λέγειν ἐν τῷ δήμῳ.
        ḗdē dé tinōn ēisthómēn, ô boulḗ, kaì dià taûta akhthoménōn moi, hóti neṓteros ṑn epekheírēsa légein en tôi dḗmōi.
        I have by now observed, council, that some people are annoyed at me that I am too young to attempt speaking in public.
      • 428 BCE – 347 BCE, Plato, Theag. 122c
        αἰσθώμεθα γελοῖοι ὄντες
        aisthṓmetha geloîoi óntes
        we may see that we are ridiculous
    2. (transitive, intransitive) I understand
    3. (transitive) I learn

    Inflection[edit]

    Descendants[edit]

    Further reading[edit]