αὐλός

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: αυλός and Αὖλος

Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *h₂ewlos (tube). Cognates include Lithuanian aulas, Norwegian aul, Hittite [script needed] (auli-, tube-shaped organ in the neck), and perhaps also Latin alvus, Old Church Slavonic улица (ulica, small lane, narrow street), and Old Armenian ուղ (, passage), ուղի (ułi, road).

Pronunciation[edit]

 
  • (5th BCE Attic) IPA(key): /au̯.lós/
  • (1st CE Egyptian) IPA(key): /awˈlos/
  • (4th CE Koine) IPA(key): /aˈβlos/
  • (10th CE Byzantine) IPA(key): /aˈvlos/
  • (15th CE Constantinopolitan) IPA(key): /aˈvlos/
  • Noun[edit]

    αὐλός (aulósm (genitive αὐλοῦ); second declension

    1. any pipe-shaped instrument: flute, clarinet, pipe
      • 800 BCE – 600 BCE, Homer, Iliad 18.495
        κοῦροι δ᾽ ὀρχηστῆρες ἐδίνεον, ἐν δ᾽ ἄρα τοῖσιν αὐλοὶ φόρμιγγές τε βοὴν ἔχον
        koûroi d᾽ orkhēstêres edíneon, en d᾽ ára toîsin auloì phórmingés te boḕn ékhon
        And young men were whirling in the dance, and in their midst flutes and lyres sounded continually.
    2. hollow tube, pipe, groove, shaft
      • 800 BCE – 600 BCE, Homer, Odyssey 19.227
        περόνη τέτυκτο αὐλοῖσιν διδύμοισι
        perónē tétukto auloîsin didúmoisi
        The buckle was furnished with two grooves [into which the tongue fitted]
    3. blowhole, duct
    4. stadium
    5. haulm (of grain)
    6. cowbane, Cicuta virosa
    7. razor shell

    Inflection[edit]

    Derived terms[edit]

    Descendants[edit]

    See also[edit]

    References[edit]