αὐλός

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See also: ἄϋλος and αυλός

Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *h₂eulos ‎(tube). Cognates include Lithuanian aulas, Norwegian aul, Hittite [script needed] ‎(auli-, tube-shaped organ in the neck), and perhaps also Latin alvus, Old Church Slavonic улица ‎(ulica, small lane, narrow street), and Old Armenian ուղ ‎(, passage), ուղի ‎(ułi, road).

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Noun[edit]

αὐλός ‎(aulósm ‎(genitive αὐλοῦ); second declension

  1. any pipe-shaped instrument: flute, clarinet, pipe
    • 800 BCE – 600 BCE, Homer, Iliad 18.495
      κοῦροι δ᾽ ὀρχηστῆρες ἐδίνεον, ἐν δ᾽ ἄρα τοῖσιν αὐλοὶ φόρμιγγές τε βοὴν ἔχον
      And young men were whirling in the dance, and in their midst flutes and lyres sounded continually.
  2. hollow tube, pipe, groove, shaft
    • 800 BCE – 600 BCE, Homer, Odyssey 19.227
      περόνη τέτυκτο αὐλοῖσιν διδύμοισι
      The buckle was furnished with two grooves [into which the tongue fitted]
  3. blowhole, duct
  4. stadium
  5. haulm (of grain)
  6. cowbane, Cicuta virosa
  7. razor shell
    • 250–350 BC, Athenaeus, Deipnosophistae 3.90.d

Inflection[edit]

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