πίθος

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

According to Beekes, probably of Pre-Greek origin.

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Noun[edit]

πῐ́θος (píthosm (genitive πῐ́θου); second declension

  1. large wine jar, cask
    πίθοι ξύλινοι, κεράμινοι, ἀργύρεοιpíthoi xúlinoi, keráminoi, argúreoijars wooden, of clay, silver.
  2. (proverbs, expressions)
    1. of the task of the Danaids, of labour in vain
      εἰς τὸν τετρημένον πίθον ἀντλεῖνeis tòn tetrēménon píthon antleînto the perforated jar bale water
      • 430 BCE – 354 BCE, Xenophon, Oeconomicus 7.40:
        τό εἰς τὸν τετρημένον πίθον ἀντλεῖν
        tó eis tòn tetrēménon píthon antleîn
        to the perforated jar bale water
    2. of a Cynic's life, like Diogenes
      ζωὴ πίθουzōḕ píthoua life of jar (in a jar)
    3. very witty, referring to Diogenes
      πίθος φρενώνpíthos phrenṓna cask [full of] wit
    4. your purse is deep
      ἐκ πίθω ἀντλεῖςek píthō antleîsyou have wine by the caskful
      • 300 BCE – 200 BCE, Theocritus, Epigrams 10.13:
        ἐκ πίθω ἀντλεῖς.
        ek píthō antleîs.
        you have wine by the caskful.

Inflection[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Greek:
    Medieval Greek: πιθάριον n (pithárion) (diminutive)
    Modern Greek: πιθάρι n (pithári)
    Modern Greek: πίθος m (píthos)

Further reading[edit]


Greek[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈpiθos/
  • Hyphenation: πί‧θος

Etymology[edit]

From Ancient Greek πῐ́θος (píthos).

Noun[edit]

πίθος (píthosm (plural πίθοι)

  1. (learned) large jar, cask
  2. (expression) (for monotonous, impossible tasks) the jar of the Daughters of Danaus
    o πίθος των Δαναΐδωνo píthos ton Danaḯdonthe jar of the Danaids/daughters of Danaus

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]